BEYOND TOLERATION? INCONSISTENCY AND PLURALISM IN THE EMPIRICAL SCIENCES


edited by

María del Rosario Martínez-Ordaz
Luis Estrada-González

issue 32 - August 2017

introduction

Nowadays it is recognized that, at least for methodological purposes, entertaining pluralism in the study of science can offer a great number of benefits. One of them would be the opportunity of analyzing the role that some epistemic virtues –such as scope, fruitfulness, consistency, and simplicity, to name just a few– play in scientific activity. From the different pluralist positions, a lot has been said about empirical adequacy, refutability and explanatory power, yet consistency has not been equally dealt with. As a matter of fact, the lack of consistency and its philosophical implications have been studied from an angle that does not necessarily involve a pluralism of any kind. read more

original articles

Scientific Pluralism and Inconsistency Toleration

Dunja Šešelja

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Inconsistency in Mathematics and Inconsistency in Chemistry

Michèle Friend

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Investigating Consistencies, Inconsistencies, and the Meaning of the Ceteris Paribus Clause in Chemistry

Jean-Pierre Llored

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Scientific Disagreement and Evidential Pluralism: Lessons from the Studies on Hypercholesterolemia

Veli-Pekka Parkkinen, Federica Russo, Christian Wallmann

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Holism, Inconsistency Toleration and  Inconsistencies between Theory and Observation

María del Rosario Martínez-Ordaz

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Pluralism in Scientific Problem Solving. Why Inconsistency is No Big Deal

Diderik Batens

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Paraconsistency, Pluralistic Models and  Reasoning in Climate Science

Bryson Brown

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Bryson Brown

Contradictions in Motion: Why They’re not Needed and Why They Wouldn’t Help

Emiliano Boccardi, Moisés Macías-Bustos

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Scientific Pluralism, Consistency Preservation, and Inconsistency Toleration

Otávio Bueno

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